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No.2015001中国少数民族人口城镇化问题研究 作者:郑长德
作者:admin 来源: 日期:2015-03-05 11:30:31
中国少数民族人口城镇化问题研究
郑长德
    摘 要:文章基于1990、2000和2010年人口普查资料,分析了少数民族人口城镇化的 特征和影响因素。研究表明,1990年以来,无论全国还是汉族和少数民族,人口城镇化处 于加速推进状态,少数民族人口城镇化总体水平低于全国和汉族人口的城镇化水平;少数民 族人口城镇化存在显著的族际差别和区域差异,但无论是族际差异还是区域差异,都有缩小 的趋势,且初期城镇化率低的民族或地区,在随后的城镇化过程中,城镇化推进速度快,也 就是说城镇化速度是与初始的城镇化水平负相关的。经济发展水平、民族人口的分布、受教 育程度等是推动少数民族人口城镇化的主要因素。
   关键词:少数民族;人口城镇化;城镇化的族际差异
Research on the Population Urbanization of Chinese Minority
 Abstract: Based on the census data of 1990, 2000 and 2010, this paper analyzes the urbanization characteristics and influence factors of minority population urbanization. It proves that, since 1990, both nationwide, han and minority nationality population urbanization have been sped up. The level of minority nationality population urbanization is lower than that of nationwide and han nationality. There is a distinct interethnic difference and regional difference among minority nationalities. But both the interethnic and regional difference show reducing trend. The low urbanization rate minorities and regions in initial stage speed up urbanization in the following urbanization process, in other words, there is a negative correlation between urbanization speed and initial urbanization level. Economic development level, distribution of minority population, difference of education level are main factors that promoting minority population urbanization.
 Key words: minority;population urbanization;interethnic difference of urbanization
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