Research on the Population Urbanization of Chinese Minority
Abstract: Based on the census data of 1990, 2000 and 2010, this paper analyzes the urbanization characteristics and influence factors of minority population urbanization. It proves that, since 1990, both nationwide, han and minority nationality population urbanization have been sped up. The level of minority nationality population urbanization is lower than that of nationwide and han nationality. There is a distinct interethnic difference and regional difference among minority nationalities. But both the interethnic and regional difference show reducing trend. The low urbanization rate minorities and regions in initial stage speed up urbanization in the following urbanization process, in other words, there is a negative correlation between urbanization speed and initial urbanization level. Economic development level, distribution of minority population, difference of education level are main factors that promoting minority population urbanization.
Key words: minority；population urbanization；interethnic difference of urbanization